Thursday, January 30, 2014

505: Causes and Cessation of suffering

As we concluded last time, the basic condition of human existence is, according to the Buddha,  suffering, the First Noble Truth of Buddhism. If you don’t understand this, you are still far from enlightenment.

This suffering finds its causes in birth ,aging, illness, death, union with what is displeasing, separation from what is pleasing, not to get what one wants. In brief, the five aggregates subject to clinging are suffering.

These last words need some explanation: “the five aggregates”. What is meant by them? Summarized you could say, the term means our body and mind in our material environment.

1. “Form" or "matter" ,  the physical world.  the material body and the physical sense organs.

2.  “Sensation" or "feeling"  sensing an object[g] as either pleasant or unpleasant or neutral.

3.  “Perception", " registers whether an object is recognized or not (for instance, the sound of a bell or the shape of a tree).

4.  “Mental formations",  all types of mental habits, thoughts, ideas, opinions, prejudices, compulsions, and decisions triggered by an object.

 5. “Consciousness"  

These five aggregates cause various kinds of desire – craving, clinging, attachment, impulse, greed, lust, thirst, and so on. The Second Noble Truth states that the source of our discontentment is found not simply in our desires, but in the connection we forge between desires and happiness.

-quote -
The Second Noble Truth: Now this is the noble truth of the origin of suffering: it is this craving which leads to renewed existence,accompanied by delight and lust, seeking delight here and there; that is, craving for sensual pleasures, craving for existence,craving for extermination.
-end quote -

Many people would agree that suffering or unhappiness is rooted in desire, that it consists of not getting what we want and getting what we do not want.

Happiness, in this view, is acquisition of all that we try to gain and security from all that we seek to avoid. The Buddha taught that this understanding of happiness is a mistake. 

We can never achieve true and complete happiness in these terms, and there is another, far better form of happiness that we can achieve.

Obtaining what we are hoping to gain and safety from what we are trying to avoid will not bring us real happiness. This can only be achieved by a radical transformation of our desires and aversions  and especially of our attitudes towards them, according to the Buddha.

-quote -
Third Noble Truth. Now this is the noble truth of the cessation of suffering: it is the remainderless fading away and cessation of that same craving, the giving up and relinquishing of it, freedom from it, nonreliance on it.
-end quote -

True happiness in life, the opposite of suffering, is brought about by reaching a state in which, we eliminate many of our desires and stop clinging or attaching ourselves to all of them. The Buddha referred to this state with the term ‘Nirvana’.

And here we are offered a classic epistemological problem. On the one hand we have happiness, as we know it 

and on the other hand there is a kind of happiness, as claimed by some fellow human being, which it the TRUE happiness, which for some reason he only knows or discovered while sitting under a tree some day.

How he knows, what I don’t know, I do not know, but I am told that I have to pray, meditate, perform special activities to discover that happiness too.

In one of this kind of philosophies - maybe a bit extreme - I am even promised 72 virgins, when I blow myself up in a crowded marketplace.

Rhank you ^_^
[13:17] herman Bergson: Y
[13:18] herman Bergson: T
[13:18] Debbie dB:  ✧✩**✩✧ G I G G L E S ✧✩**
[13:18] herman Bergson: in other words thank you :-))
[13:18] Qwark Allen: °͜° l ☺ ☻ ☺ l °͜°
[13:18] Qwark Allen: lol
[13:18] Bejiita Imako: the suicide bombers philosophy i guess

The Discussion

[13:18] Qwark Allen: ::::::::: * E * X * C * E * L * L * E * N * T  * ::::::::::
[13:18] Bejiita Imako:
[13:18] Lizzy Pleides: Thank you Professor
[13:18] Gemma Allen: well sitting under a tree for 40 years should teach something
[13:18] Bejiita Imako: those guys are nuts for sure
[13:18] Gemma Allen: i guess
[13:18] Debbie dB: Thanks Herman. Pity you couldn’t tell us more about how Nirvanah feels :)
[13:18] Bejiita Imako: buddha is better
[13:19] Bejiita Imako: hehe
[13:19] herman Bergson: I just don't know Debbie :-)
[13:19] Lizzy Pleides: do you think herman has reached nirwana already Debbie?
[13:19] Gemma Allen: i don’t think he has tried
[13:19] Debbie dB: Oh well, Ill have to go and find a tree, and a cushion.
[13:20] Bejiita Imako: you never know with Herman
[13:20] ἀρετή: too attached to the suits... :)
[13:20] Ciska Riverstone: want one debbi? ;)
[13:20] herman Bergson: Besides that I have no idea why I should have the disire to get into Nirvana state, as it is required to have NO desires at all, which crave for happiness
[13:20] Debbie dB: I don’t think so Liz - he's new to eastern philosophy
[13:20] Bejiita Imako:
[13:20] Gemma Allen: Yes-ah!
[13:21] Debbie dB: The question is will Nirvanah be so cool you would ignore your iPhone?
[13:21] Bejiita Imako: lol
[13:21] herman Bergson: this sounds like Nirvana talk :-))
[13:21] Bejiita Imako:
[13:21] Lizzy Pleides: maybe sometimes it makes you happy to have more bad desires, lol
[13:21] Bejiita Imako: hahaha
[13:21] herman Bergson smiles
[13:21] Qwark Allen: that way should be "nirvana"
[13:22] herman Bergson: good point Lizzy :-))
[13:22] Bejiita Imako: hehe
[13:22] ἀρετή: so is Nirvana like a coma?
[13:22] herman Bergson: No...
[13:22] herman Bergson: my point is that someone say what TRUE  happiness is, while I say...hmmm...I feel happy already
[13:22] Ciska Riverstone: (doesn't come with a tree i'm afraid debbie)
[13:22] Debbie dB: Certainly the part of letting go of attachments is good for us.
[13:23] Debbie dB: and thanks ciska for this clear view.
[13:23] Bejiita Imako: many things are discovered under a tree it seems, Newton did the same and discovered gravity
[13:23] herman Bergson: Everybody knows that wishing things you never can reach makes no sense
[13:23] Bejiita Imako:
[13:23] Bejiita Imako: gravity
[13:23] Debbie dB: Herman, How happy are you?
[13:23] Bejiita Imako: indeed
[13:23] herman Bergson: Yes Bejiita...but that was already there
[13:24] Bejiita Imako: yes but no one gave gravity a thought before that
[13:24] herman Bergson: I don’t think you can quantify happiness...
[13:24] Ciska Riverstone: but qualify?
[13:24] Debbie dB: Agreed. but there is more and less happy?
[13:24] herman Bergson: indeed Bejiita...or the wrong thoughts
[13:24] Qwark Allen: seems we don`t know much more about gravity since then bej :-)))
[13:25] Bejiita Imako: no its hard but i’m happy when i feel good and motivated and have friends around me doing fun things together
[13:25] herman Bergson: That depends Debbie....
[13:25] Bejiita Imako: stuff like that
[13:25] herman Bergson: there is research in this matter
[13:25] herman Bergson: It seems that every individual has some kind of general state (of happiness)
[13:25] herman Bergson: that means....
[13:26] Debbie dB: Certainly riches don't bring happiness - they result in more stress, and the need for more work.
[13:26] herman Bergson: if you ask a person to score his feeling of happiness on a scale it will be most of the time the same score...
[13:26] herman Bergson: independent of his conditions...
[13:27] herman Bergson: one wins the lottery....another gets an accident which brings him in a wheelchair....
[13:27] Debbie dB: Oh amazing.
[13:27] herman Bergson: eventually...after a certain period it showed that both persons scored their happiness again as before
[13:28] Bejiita Imako: it normalizes
[13:28] Bejiita Imako: sort of
[13:28] herman Bergson: in the long run the man in the wheelchair wasn’t unhappier than he was before
[13:28] herman Bergson: yes Bekiita
[13:28] Debbie dB: So there is a kind of happiness level inside us, that can get driven up or down, but returns to normal with time?
[13:28] herman Bergson: Kind of you have optimists and pessimists
[13:28] Bejiita Imako: i guess you have an "idle state" that you level to and when above it you feel extra happy and below you feels sad
[13:28] herman Bergson: Yes Debbie...
[13:28] Gemma Allen: I think the idea of nirvana is much deeper than jiust a happiness as we are talking about it
[13:29] Gemma Allen: needs exploration
[13:29] herman Bergson: but why Gemma?
[13:29] Bejiita Imako: i go up and down around that state all time
[13:29] Gemma Allen: i mean the understanding of what it means to buddhists
[13:29] Debbie dB: So the buddha view is very enlightening - if we can let go of the things that cause us pain and stress, and focus on understanding, and love - we will be happier more often
[13:29] herman Bergson: It is a know fact that meditation influences our brainwaves
[13:29] Gemma Allen: takes lots of study to be a real buddhist
[13:30] Gemma Allen: Yes-ah!
[13:30] Gemma Allen: oh
[13:30] Ciska Riverstone: yes debbie
[13:30] Bejiita Imako: aaa indeed
[13:30] Bejiita Imako: we would for sure
[13:30] herman Bergson: You don’t need Buddha to come to that conclusion, I would say, Debbie :-)
[13:30] Bejiita Imako: seems logical
[13:30] Debbie dB: I often sit in the lotus position and breath in rl ...
[13:30] Debbie dB: my boss thinks i’m nuts ;)
[13:31] ἀρετή: isn't it the goal for each to find their own buddha in themselves?
[13:31] Ciska Riverstone: it is very logical but it seems its difficult to do ;)
[13:31] herman Bergson: You also could say...when you behave more social an healthy you stay happier
[13:31] Bejiita Imako: lol
[13:31] Ciska Riverstone: at least for many people
[13:31] Gemma Allen: i look at the dalai lama's life
[13:31] Lizzy Pleides: we know that the state of happiness also depends of the saturation of micronutrients
[13:31] Gemma Allen: has been so sorrowful
[13:31] Gemma Allen: but he is a living example of happiness
[13:31] Ciska Riverstone: of course herman - but our societies say the contrary _ if you behave competitive you stay more happy and have more
[13:32] herman Bergson: Yes Ciska...
[13:32] Debbie dB: Competition to use everything as quickly as possible has to be a bad idea.
[13:32] Bejiita Imako: ah
[13:32] herman Bergson: And we all see what mistake that is ...
[13:32] Bejiita Imako: indeed but we are learned that its the other way around
[13:33] herman Bergson: the greed and competition have lead to the crisis we are in now
[13:33] Bejiita Imako: more and consumption buying lot of things all time and so on
[13:33] Gemma Allen: ♥ LOL ♥
[13:33] Gemma Allen: western thinking
[13:33] Bejiita Imako: money
[13:33] Debbie dB: And we so love it.
[13:34] Bejiita Imako: sure i’m happy with my new computer cause it works good, but still it s just a machine
[13:34] herman Bergson: Our prosperity may be a basis for hapiness...but how it is distributed makes it a source of unhappiness
[13:34] Gemma Allen: new movie where the hero falls in love with a machine
[13:34] Gemma Allen: Her
[13:34] herman Bergson: when rich people only get richer and poor only poorer
[13:34] Bejiita Imako: a very useful machine though that i can use to socialize with others
[13:34] Debbie dB: well, we don’t see the poverty much Herman. Its kind of out of sight mostly.
[13:34] Bejiita Imako: and that make me happy
[13:35] Bejiita Imako: not the machine itself
[13:35] herman Bergson: So...Buddha forces us to face the question: what is happiness
[13:36] ἀρετή: contentment?
[13:36] Debbie dB: I thought you guys were all inside my computer? That used to make me happy.
[13:36] herman Bergson: to achieve it!
[13:36] Bejiita Imako:
[13:36] Lizzy Pleides: that was NSA only Debbie
[13:36] Debbie dB: happiness is the absence of pain and sadness.?
[13:36] ἀρετή: we had to break out of the box, Debbie :)
[13:36] Bejiita Imako: lol
[13:36] Debbie dB:  ✧✩**✩✧ G I G G L E S ✧✩**
[13:36] Debbie dB: lizzy
[13:37] herman Bergson: Contentment might be a good concept here
[13:37] Gemma Allen: Yes-ah!
[13:37] Gemma Allen: better word
[13:37] Debbie dB: It is a good word to describe the Buddha’s happiness.
[13:37] herman Bergson: I mean...I have an income, but I am not a millionair...but I am really content with my situation...
[13:38] Debbie dB: But a bad word to describe westerners happiness. We need MORE!
[13:38] Bejiita Imako: and more and more and mooooorre!
[13:38] Qwark Allen: °͜° l ☺ ☻ ☺ l °͜°
[13:38] Qwark Allen: lol
[13:38] herman Bergson: We are forced to believe that we want more...
[13:38] Bejiita Imako: and then all crashes down
[13:39] Lizzy Pleides: that is the basis of our economy
[13:39] herman Bergson: I really don’t know what I would want more at this moment....
[13:39] Bejiita Imako: i also have mostly all i need at moment
[13:39] herman Bergson: I don’t need a bigger house, bigger car, more money...faster computer, larger TV
[13:40] Debbie dB: Me too, but ill still buy a new pc, and a phone soon.
[13:40] herman Bergson: I need health :-)
[13:40] Gemma Allen: we all do
[13:40] Gemma Allen: Yes-ah!
[13:40] Bejiita Imako: i buy good things that are a bit future proof so they last very long
[13:40] Gemma Allen: wonders where everyone is today
[13:40] herman Bergson: Got it again now L-)
[13:40] Debbie dB: Well - its hard to be happy when you’re in pain.
[13:40] herman Bergson: Yes Debbie....
[13:40] Bejiita Imako: indeed
[13:41] herman Bergson: Bu tis makes no sense to expect that a personin pain should be able to feel happy
[13:41] Debbie dB: and death remains a looming stumbling block to eternal happiness ;)
[13:42] herman Bergson: That is a bit Buddha's problem....
[13:42] herman Bergson: does life end just like that or do we live for ever....
[13:42] herman Bergson: a solution for the suffering of death
[13:42] Debbie dB: we live for ever ;)
[13:43] herman Bergson: yes:-)
[13:43] herman Bergson: one way or the other will the atoms I am made of find a way  to continue:-)
[13:43] Lizzy Pleides: of course
[13:43] Debbie dB: Look how many people live on in your grand museum. Captured forever in pixels.
[13:44] herman Bergson: only the "I" saying mechanism wont be there anymore :-)
[13:44] Gemma Allen: i missed the field trip
[13:44] Gemma Allen: darn
[13:44] Debbie dB: ha ha... maybe
[13:44] Gemma Allen: but i have been there before
[13:44] Debbie dB: I went there after the field trip.
[13:44] Debbie dB: ((nice work Prof))
[13:44] herman Bergson smiles
[13:45] Bejiita Imako:
[13:45] herman Bergson: thnx Debbie...
[13:45] Gemma Allen: it looks like a search for nirvana now that i think about it
[13:45] Bejiita Imako: loved that museum
[13:45] herman Bergson: SL nirvana is easily found.....
[13:45] Gemma Allen: true
[13:45] herman Bergson: just turn off your computer :-)
[13:45] Debbie dB: I love the sound and idea of the word... Nirvanah. It conjures up a peaceful thought.
[13:45] Bejiita Imako: gave me some inspiration for some art of my own i try make
[13:45] ἀρετή: wish it was that easy, Professor :)
[13:45] Bejiita Imako: yes indeed
[13:45] Lizzy Pleides: true
[13:46] Bejiita Imako: nirvana = peacefulness for me
[13:46] Bejiita Imako: means something like that
[13:46] herman Bergson: yes a nice word
[13:46] Debbie dB: I bet theres a drink called Nirvanah somewhere
[13:46] Gemma Allen: ♥ LOL ♥
[13:46] Debbie dB: probably a killer cocktail
[13:46] herman Bergson: But they also write it like "nibbana"
[13:46] Bejiita Imako: hahaha
[13:47] Bejiita Imako: ok
[13:47] herman Bergson: Depends whether they romanize Sanskrit or Pali
[13:47] ἀρετή: wow.. no kidding, there's really such a cocktail XD
[13:48] Gemma Allen: i am sure there is somewhere
[13:48] Bejiita Imako: i’m not surprised since there are cocktails called things like orgasm and god know what out there
[13:48] Bejiita Imako: lol
[13:48] herman Bergson: Then this is a good moment to conclude our discussion and make us a Nirvana cocktail :-)
[13:48] Bejiita Imako: yes
[13:48] Bejiita Imako: just need to see whats in it
[13:48] herman Bergson: Thank you all again
[13:48] Bejiita Imako: nice as usual Herman
[13:48] herman Bergson: Class dismissed....:-)
[13:48] Bejiita Imako: cu soon
[13:49] Lizzy Pleides: Nirwana-Cocktail created by Jamie Boudreau. After a wonderful After Work Party this night this is the right drink before going to bed!


2 oz. Rye Whiskey

1 oz. Amer Picon

1/4 oz. Maraschino Liqueur

1/4 oz. Benedictine


Stir all ingredients with ice in a mixing glass and strain into a cocktail glass. Garnish with an orange zest.
[13:49] Gemma Allen:
[13:49] Gemma Allen: ♥ LOL ♥
[13:49] herman Bergson: And now the recipe of the Nirvana coctail Aryen..plz :-))
[13:49] Gemma Allen: Yes-ah!
[13:49] Gemma Allen: sounds good
[13:49] Bejiita Imako: aaa ok
[13:49] Bejiita Imako: saving that
[13:49] herman Bergson: perfect ^_^
[13:49] Gemma Allen: ♥ Thank Youuuuuuuuuu!! ♥
[13:49] ἀρετή: one of many... thanks to google ;)
[13:49] Qwark Allen: ::::::::: * E * X * C * E * L * L * E * N * T  * ::::::::::
[13:49] Debbie dB: - theres so many menus for Nirvanah Cocktail. It will keep me busy.
[13:49] Debbie dB:  ✧✩**✩✧ G I G G L E S ✧✩**
[13:49] Gemma Allen: hope to be here thursday
[13:49] Qwark Allen: as usual
[13:49] Qwark Allen: .-)
[13:49] Bejiita Imako: hehee
[13:49] Gemma Allen: Bye, Bye   
[13:49] Gemma Allen: for now
[13:50] Qwark Allen: happy that i was here
[13:50] Qwark Allen: Hooooooo!!!!!!!   \o/
[13:50] Qwark Allen:                               |
[13:50] Qwark Allen:                             / \
[13:50] Qwark Allen: ☮☮☮☮☮☮☮☮
[13:50] Qwark Allen: Hoooooooo!!!!!!!!!!!!!
[13:50] Bejiita Imako: some event coming up Q?
[13:50] herman Bergson: See you all on Thursday again :-))
[[13:50] Qwark Allen: not today
[13:50] Debbie dB: Nice to see you all - and thanks for the lively chat, and great lecture.
[13:50] Bejiita Imako: ok
[13:50] Qwark Allen: still feeling not so well
[13:50] Lizzy Pleides: Good night everyone
[13:50] Bejiita Imako: cu thursday then
[13:50] Qwark Allen: ˜*•. ˜”*°•.˜”*°•  Bye !  •°*”˜.•°*”˜ .•*˜  
[13:50] Debbie dB: yep.... byeeeeeeeeee
[13:50] Bejiita Imako: happy nirvana everyone!
[13:50] ἀρετή: get well soon, Qwark
[13:50] Bejiita Imako: hehe
[13:50] Bejiita Imako: aaa yes
[13:50] ἀρετή: cheers ^^
[13:51] herman Bergson: Nice you could make it Debbie :-))
[13:51] ἀρετή: have a good rest of the day
[13:51] ἀρετή: Thanks for class again
[13:51] herman Bergson: My pleasure Aryen :-))
[13:51] ἀρετή: bye for now :)

[13:52] herman Bergson: Bye

Tuesday, January 28, 2014

504: Buddhism and suffering

What we clearly should keep in mind, are the questions “What are we talking about?” and “About who are we talking?” The first question we could answer with “Suffering” and the second with “homo sapiens”.

Nice abstractions, but as I said in the previous lecture: ideas emerge in a historical context. Thus what suffering means is colored by its historical context.

“Homo sapiens” is even more astonishing. When you look at this species you see a great variety. It seems that all stages of historical development of the species are still present.

You find men, who still live like as the hunter-gatherers 7000 years ago. There are people organized in tribes, which seem to kill others because they belong to other tribes.

You have (illiterate) people whose way of thinking shows striking resemblance with the way of thinking in Europe of the Middle Ages, believing in ghosts, sorcery and the like.

And you have people, who  live in well organized prosperity with education, healthcare, perfect housing, technology etc. In this melting pot of all kinds of stages of the “condition humaine” we are discussing the First Noble Truth of Buddhism: “There is suffering”

This was according to the Buddha the starting point of human existence. Buddhism is still an accepted philosophy  and based on ideas, formulated more than 2000 years.

Here we are confronted with the question: Do these ideas still apply to our situation? Or, in other words, did a human being about 2400 years ago formulate universal truths about human existence?

Here we enter the realm of interpretation or the debate about, what the Buddha really meant. The answer is clear: there are numerous schools in Buddhism spread across a number of countries like  Japan, China, Tibet, Thailand and some more.

There is no difference here with Islam or Christianity or - I may be wrong - yet one. Through history Christians and Muslims have shown to be pretty willing to murder those who have a different opinion.

Buddhism has been prosecuted now and then, but I have no knowledge of systematic murder by buddhists of other buddhists or disbelievers and infidels. Correct me, if I am mistaken here.

What did the Buddha mean with his First Noble Truth:

- original text from the Discourses of the Buddha
First Noble Truth. Now this is the noble truth of suffering: birth is suffering, aging is suffering, illness is suffering, death is suffering; 

union with what is displeasing is suffering; separation from what is pleasing is suffering; not to get what one wants is suffering; in brief, the five aggregates subject to clinging are suffering.
- end text

We have to understand this in the light of the other three Noble Truths, especially the third one “There is cessation of suffering”. So, buddhism is not a gloomy pessimistic theory about life.

‘The truth of suffering is like a disease, the truth of origin is like
the cause of the disease, the truth of cessation is like the cure of the disease, and the truth of the path is like the medicine’. 

The Buddha’s central teaching has the form of a medical diagnosis and plan of treatment. But this presupposes of course, that you first must see yourself as a patient with a disease.

We might be inclined to think that many (if not most) human lives are not so bad, that the positive aspects of life outweigh the negative ones.

Similarly, the Buddha thought, most of us can point to some positive features of life: he is not saying we are miserable all the time. 

However, there is something not fully satisfactory about the lives most of us live. We seek enduring happiness by trying to attach ourselves to things that are in constant change.

This sometimes brings temporary and partial fulfillment, but long-term result is frustration and anxiety. Because of the impermanence of the world, we do not achieve the real happiness we implicitly seek.

The Buddha thought we could all sense the truth of this with a moderate amount of honest reflection on the realities of human life, but he also believed that full understanding of the first Truth was difficult to achieve and would require significant progress towards enlightenment.

This is how you can interpret the ideas of the Buddha. It is not my way of looking at our world. That is what I can conclude so far.

The Discussion

[13:17] herman Bergson: Thank you ^_^
[13:18] Lizzy Pleides: Thank you, great lecture!
[13:18] Zanicia: Thank you
[13:18] herman Bergson: If you have a question or remarks...feel free..the floor is yours :-))
[13:19] Lizzy Pleides: The murdering of the christians and Muslims is not part of their philosophy, it was an interpretation of certain people
[13:19] herman Bergson: You are all meditating now, I suppose ? :-))
[13:19] Gemma Allen: ♥ LOL ♥
[13:19] Zanicia: hehe
[13:19] Gemma Allen: thinking about it all
[13:19] Bejiita Imako: hehe
[13:19] herman Bergson: Yes Lizzy
[13:20] herman Bergson: But beliefs exist only in the human mind and are the motivation to action
[13:20] herman Bergson: Besides that...the Quran states that you may kill infidels and throw homosexuals from the highest building
[13:21] Gemma Allen: well
[13:21] Bejiita Imako: indeed, thats awful
[13:21] Lizzy Pleides: in christianity it was the union of church with political power
[13:21] Gemma Allen: like the bible maybe not literal
[13:21] itsme Frederix: Belief, religion - makes up a story including cause & theodice
[13:21] Ciska Riverstone: mh - but from what itsme?
[13:21] herman Bergson: That is the big problem Gemma....
[13:22] itsme Frederix: Ciska we need stories!
[13:22] Gemma Allen: yep
[13:22] Ciska Riverstone: yes ... we need stories.. what do we need them for?
[13:22] Ciska Riverstone: i think... we need them mostly for our emotions
[13:22] herman Bergson: on the one hand --they say -- there is the bible, quran or whatever book and on the other hand there are people interpreting it...
[13:22] itsme Frederix: tell me your story
[13:22] Ciska Riverstone: so thats the psychological aspect
[13:23] Gemma Allen: exactly
[13:23] Bejiita Imako: yes
[13:23] Gemma Allen: and no court to decide
[13:23] Ciska Riverstone: we rationalize emotions in form of stories
[13:23] Gemma Allen: the correct
[13:23] herman Bergson: exactly Gemma
[13:23] Bejiita Imako: and many people interpret it wrong and use it as mean of oppression
[13:23] Bejiita Imako: very common with islam
[13:24] Zanicia: 'Christianity' is such a foul corruption. The term came to represent those who followed the Christ, originally. But he never pointed to any set religeion...just to the Almighty Creator himself. It is the people who abused that first label who do diabolical acts to other human beings. That typifies all man-made religions to me. God MUST be separated from all these different ideolologies.
[13:24] Bejiita Imako: and to gain power
[13:24] herman Bergson: there you state the probem Bejiita....WHAT is the wrong interpretation and who decides on that?
[13:24] Laila Schuman: the stories are really poetry..and need to be understood as the poet understands...
[13:24] Ciska Riverstone: yes Laila - thats how i see it too
[13:24] Ciska Riverstone: they try to express something we have no language for otherwise
[13:24] Laila Schuman: ye
[13:24] Laila Schuman: yes
[13:24] Dag: I wonder if we can assume that the human mind is subject of evolution and go beyond the religions, all of them
[13:24] Tomi Eiren: i have a friend in an muslim country and he told me that growing up, homosexual activity is somewhat accepted as just growing up. he lives is saudi arabia O.o that confuses me lol
[13:25] Zanicia: any comment on what I just said?
[13:25] herman Bergson: That is indeed the big question Dag
[13:25] Bejiita Imako: ah
[13:25] Bejiita Imako: interesting point
[13:25] Mikki Louise: Who then is to do the separation though, Zanicia?
[13:26] herman Bergson: Indeed Mikki
[13:26] Zanicia: Us of course....sorry that was a long comment before
[13:26] Mikki Louise: and who or what is God if not defined through human terms?
[13:27] herman Bergson: If the only tool available is the human mind....where then and how is this god known?
[13:27] Bejiita Imako: ''
[13:27] herman Bergson: speperate from interpretations of texts
[13:27] herman Bergson: This is my questio about Buddhism too.....
[13:28] herman Bergson: how was it possible to reach this Enlightment?
[13:28] Gemma Allen: a long time undr the tree
[13:28] itsme Frederix: so the topic is "suffer", we've to suffer (or in other terms its asad story)
[13:28] herman Bergson: How was it possible to know that THAT was the most deisred state of being?
[13:28] Ciska Riverstone: well there you have one core problem of humanity from my point of view herman
[13:28] Ciska Riverstone: we want something everyone can check back and say - thats it
[13:28] Gemma Allen: ♥ LOL ♥
[13:28] Gemma Allen: never happens
[13:29] Ciska Riverstone: but its only something you can experience
[13:29] Ciska Riverstone: thats what at least i understand right now
[13:29] Gemma Allen: my answer is that we need a good invasion of aliens ... then mankind will come together
[13:29] Ciska Riverstone: hahahah gemma
[13:29] herman Bergson: And that is the questionable thing Ciska.....
[13:29] Bejiita Imako: hehe i guess so
[13:29] Gemma Allen: not so funny think about it
[13:29] Bejiita Imako: something like that
[13:29] herman Bergson: who tells me what experience is the right experience and how can that other know this?
[13:30] Ciska Riverstone: well
[13:30] Bejiita Imako: they can leave their ray guns and invasion plans at home however
[13:30] Ciska Riverstone: thats the thing
[13:30] Ciska Riverstone: buddha answers that with the 4 reliances
[13:30] Bejiita Imako: want to meet kind aliens if anu
[13:30] Bejiita Imako: any
[13:30] Gemma Allen: remember we are nto talking about a religion here with buddhism
[13:30] Gemma Allen: a way of life
[13:30] herman Bergson: yes Gemma.....and a way of thinking about life
[13:31] itsme Frederix: back to the topic
[13:31] Zanicia: so is 'proper' Christianity
[13:31] herman Bergson: and the starting point is There is suffering
[13:31] Dag: now is the experience maybe not the right term
[13:31] Bejiita Imako: indeed buddhism is more a lifestyle then a relgion
[13:31] Dag: I would rather speak of the content of our consciousness
[13:32] Bejiita Imako: something in between these 2 i guess
[13:32] Ciska Riverstone: for me buddhism tries to seperate the mindstories from sweeping the floor
[13:32] herman Bergson: Yes Dag
[13:32] Ciska Riverstone: yes dag - but conciousness can only be experienced
[13:32] Gemma Allen: many athiests and christians and others practice buddhism
[13:32] Ciska Riverstone: you must do it yourself
[13:32] Zanicia: MUST?
[13:32] Ciska Riverstone: so its an action - hence an experience
[13:33] Ciska Riverstone: well if you want to of course ,)
[13:33] Ciska Riverstone: if you do not - you will not experience it
[13:33] Ciska Riverstone: its as simple as that
[13:33] itsme Frederix: Ciska tautology "experience consiousness" or not - good question I guess
[13:33] Dag: no I mean... the experience is the same as the content
[13:33] herman Bergson: which assumes that there IS something special to experience Ciska :-)
[13:34] Bejiita Imako: ah
[13:34] Dag: how I feel or what I think IS the consciousness
[13:34] Bejiita Imako: yes
[13:34] Zanicia: yes
[13:34] herman Bergson: Your personal consciousness Dag, yes
[13:34] Dag: yes of course
[13:34] Ciska Riverstone: is what you think always concious dag?
[13:35] herman Bergson: tho every man has a conscious, he never will experience what you esperience
[13:35] Bejiita Imako: no, you can not feel what someone else feels, at least not directly
[13:35] Bejiita Imako: as little as you can read someone elses mind
[13:35] herman Bergson: And yet we have to live together as social beings
[13:35] itsme Frederix: do we?
[13:36] Lizzy Pleides: you can have similar experiences and feelings
[13:36] Ciska Riverstone: yes - and in my opinion that leads to religion
[13:36] herman Bergson: and adopting some set of ideas and philosophies of live is a way to do so
[13:36] herman Bergson: not necessarily to religion
[13:36] Ciska Riverstone: well - but it can organize a good amout of people
[13:36] Ciska Riverstone: in the past it did
[13:36] herman Bergson: Like Buddhism or the Stocics for instance have no theology
[13:36] Ciska Riverstone: not good
[13:36] Ciska Riverstone: but it did
[13:37] Ciska Riverstone: so there is the motivation for me to built it
[13:37] itsme Frederix: @Herman, what about addressing chat to @herman - sometimes I guess there ar more threads in this conversation (excuse me, I'll be silent for a while)
[13:38] herman Bergson: I see Itsme...
[13:38] herman Bergson: I am not familiar with this method
[13:38] herman Bergson: I guess you have apoint here
[13:39] herman Bergson: SO the method is to say @itsme if I respond to your remark Itsme?
[13:39] itsme Frederix: @Herman YEP
[13:39] Gemma Allen: where
[13:39] Gemma Allen: here?
[13:39] Chantal: @ all Yes
[13:39] Gemma Allen: or is he talking facebook?
[13:40] herman Bergson: I did it in some way, by mentioning the name of someone now and then in my reaction ..:-)
[13:40] itsme Frederix: @all, wecan use names, like in vocal conversation - but more peculiar doing chat.
[13:40] herman Bergson: @ here ^_^
[13:40] Gemma Allen: ♥ LOL ♥
[13:40] Gemma Allen: hopes i can adjust
[13:40] Gemma Allen: need a practice session
[13:41] herman Bergson: lol yes....after 500 lectures of "misbehavior" in chat :-))
[13:41] Gemma Allen: right
[13:41] Chantal:
[13:41] Mikki Louise: it would make it easier to follow the various threads that spark off... but hope we can avoid @all when speaking generally
[13:41] Bejiita Imako: hahah
[13:41] Gemma Allen: well you dont use caps as much as you used to have to do it
[13:41] Zanicia: I see----said the blind man. You might say that was Enlightenment. (changing the subject back)
[13:41] itsme Frederix: @Herman, not that bad - I reminmeber this was one of the ancient rules
[13:42] Gemma Allen: here ?
[13:42] herman Bergson: never here in class....
[13:42] Gemma Allen: not while i was here
[13:42] Gemma Allen: no
[13:42] Gemma Allen: and that is ancient history
[13:42] Laila Schuman: nods
[13:42] itsme Frederix: @Zanica, good point. So do you have to be blind to see?
[13:42] herman Bergson: see..even here in class life eventually ends up in suffering :-))
[13:43] Chantal: hehehe
[13:43] Bejiita Imako: lol
[13:43] Lizzy Pleides: lol, yes
[13:43] Gemma Allen: :-)
[13:43] Dag: lol...not so bad really
[13:43] herman Bergson: Maybe Buddhea was right ^_^
[13:43] Zanicia: Some people are blind all their lives. Mentally
[13:43] Laila Schuman: we are wayyyyyyyyy off subject folks
[13:43] Bejiita Imako: haha
[13:43] Gemma Allen: yes
[13:43] Frost: 0o
[13:43] herman Bergson smiles
[13:43] Bejiita Imako: but it is fun with a little chaos
[13:43] Bejiita Imako:
[13:44] Dag: anyways, the problem that all religions bring in is conditioning of the mind
[13:44] herman Bergson: The point is that Buddha sets a specific perspective on life....
[13:44] herman Bergson: where the starting point is suffering and the endpoint nirvana
[13:44] Bejiita Imako: aa
[13:45] Laila Schuman: and our desires/expectations are the culprits
[13:45] itsme Frederix: @H thats not bad, that good and optimistic, isn't it?
[13:45] herman Bergson: Yes Dag, but that is inevitable
[13:45] Dag: inevitable, but so many don’t see that
[13:45] herman Bergson: like we have political parties ..political perpectives....
[13:46] Dag: yes all that mess
[13:46] Bejiita Imako: hehe inded
[13:46] herman Bergson: But the point for me is that this conditioning at present is such acomplete chaos....
[13:46] Zanicia: Can you see that ending in Nirvana?
[13:46] herman Bergson: while in the Capitalist world the conditioning only seems to be focused on material greed
[13:47] Dag: true
[13:47] Gemma Allen: wow jangle
[13:47] herman Bergson: Even the Chinese do it :-)
[13:48] Jangle McElroy: Greetings. Apologies for my late arrival.
[13:48] Bejiita Imako: indeed, the party in Sweden ruling now for ex only care about the rich and the ones already having a job although they describe them selves as the "work party"
[13:48] herman Bergson: But the point of Buddha and other theories, which evolved into religions, believe that eventually there is just one final perspective
[13:48] Bejiita Imako: they don’t help people getting work at all instead they punish them making them even poorer
[13:48] Zanicia: same in Italy
[13:49] itsme Frederix: Well Herman, a final perspetive is truth of life! So thats no argument against!
[13:49] Lizzy Pleides: that's suffering again Bejiita
[13:49] herman Bergson: Yes...if you think in terms of tribes...there is a a new tribe emerging in the Capitalst world...
[13:49] Bejiita Imako: yes
[13:49] Bejiita Imako: very real suffering for sure
[13:49] herman Bergson: the tribe of the (super) rich and wealthy...
[13:49] Gemma Allen: yep
[13:49] Zanicia: yes
[13:50] Laila Schuman: Ayn Rand... a point of view
[13:50] Gemma Allen: is almost like the feudal times coming back in a way
[13:50] Bejiita Imako: we need a Robin hood here in sweden now i think
[13:50] Gemma Allen: everywhere
[13:50] itsme Frederix: I guess  Buddha would say "let them be, and go your own way"
[13:50] Bejiita Imako:
[13:50] herman Bergson: That is why I am not a Buddhist Itsme :-)
[13:51] Ciska Riverstone: thats the point - buddha would guestion the intention in following such ;)
[13:51] Gemma Allen: beertjie
[13:51] .: Beertje :.: smiles....
[13:51] .: Beertje :.: I forgot....
[13:51] Bejiita Imako:
[13:51] .: Beertje :.: again///
[13:51] Dag: at the very moment that I believe in the final perspective I create conflict in myself
[13:51] Bejiita Imako: hehe ok
[13:51] herman Bergson: In what way Dag?
[13:52] Dag: because of the desire to reach it
[13:52] Bejiita Imako: well indeed its hard coming to one single point (nirvana) if there is chaos
[13:52] Bejiita Imako: cause chaos just mixes around
[13:52] Bejiita Imako: liiem in a blender
[13:52] Bejiita Imako: like
[13:52] herman Bergson: Maybe such final state is like trying to cath the horizon
[13:53] Bejiita Imako: maybee
[13:53] herman Bergson: catch
[13:53] Bejiita Imako: but we can at least try
[13:53] Dag: but the only thing that matters is the actual state, isnt it
[13:53] itsme Frederix: @all, nice meting you bye.
[13:53] Bejiita Imako: ok bye then Itsme
[13:53] Bejiita Imako:
[13:53] herman Bergson: Take care Itsme :-)
[13:53] Jangle McElroy: Good bye.
[13:53] Bejiita Imako: cu
[13:54] Dag: bye itsme
[13:54] Ciska Riverstone: bye itsme
[13:54] Gemma Allen: see you soon
[13:54] Gemma Allen: we hope
[13:54] herman Bergson whispers: Well..I guess we have stirred our minds with enough thoughts today :0
[13:54] Gemma Allen: yes
[13:54] herman Bergson: Enough for a whole weekend
[13:54] Zanicia: hehe
[13:54] Bejiita Imako:
[13:55] Ciska Riverstone: thank you herman thanx all
[13:55] Gemma Allen: ♥ Thank Youuuuuuuuuu!! ♥
[13:55] Gemma Allen: yes
[13:55] herman Bergson: So ...thank you al  again for your nice participation...
[13:55] herman Bergson: Class dismissed ^_^
[13:55] Gemma Allen: hope to be here Tuesday
[13:55] Frost: ♥ Thank Youuuuuuu!! ♥
[13:55] Zanicia: Thank you Herman
[13:55] Bejiita Imako: yes, very nice again
[13:55] Jangle McElroy: Thanks
[13:55] Gemma Allen: Bye, Bye   
[13:55] Dag: tyvm herman
[13:55] Bejiita Imako: cu soon all
[13:55] Bejiita Imako: :)¨
[13:55] Zanicia: Bye Bye for now
[13:55] Tomi Eiren: Thank you ^^
[13:56] Jangle McElroy: Bye Gemma too :)
[13:56] Ciska Riverstone: good weekend everyone
[13:56] Bejiita Imako: same to you
[13:56] Ciska Riverstone: thanx
[13:56] Chantal: TP is not working

[13:56] Jangle McElroy: It's quite a walk home

Thursday, January 23, 2014

503: Buddhist Truths

The Buddha’s teaching is primarily practical rather than theoretical in its orientation. The aim is to show persons how to overcome suffering and attain Nirvana. The purpose is not to persuade them to accept certain doctrines as such.

This practical orientation is interesting, because we see the same attitude in Confucius. He too wasn’t interested in all kinds of metaphysical ideas and considerations.

This practical approach is illustrated by a story about Buddha. Once he refused to answer a series of philosophical questions, brought up by some skeptical disciple of his.

The Buddha described someone wounded by a poison arrow who would not allow a surgeon to treat him until he knew the name and class of the man who wounded him, his height and complexion, where he lived, and so on.

For the practical purpose of healing his wound, there was no reason to answer the questions. The point of the story is that the Buddha had not declared answers to these philosophical questions because there was no practical need to do so.

Answering these questions would have been ‘unbenificial’ and would not have led ‘to peace, to direct knowledge, to enlightenment, to Nirvana.

The teaching of the Buddha does not consist of answers to any and all philosophical questions that might occur to us. Rather, it consists of answers that are needed for a practical purpose.

And this practical purpose is focused on suffering. This focus is formulated in the Four Noble Truth I mentioned in my previous lecture:

1. There is suffering.
2. There is the origination of suffering.
3. There is the cessation of suffering.
4. There is a path to the cessation of suffering.

- original text from the Discourses of the Buddha
First Noble Truth. Now this is the noble truth of suffering: birth is suffering, aging is suffering, illness is suffering, death is suffering; 

union with what is displeasing is suffering; separation from what is pleasing is suffering; not to get what one wants is suffering; in brief, the five aggregates subject to clinging are suffering.
- end text

The first noble truth, or the reality of suffering, assigns to the disciple the practice of cultivating understanding. Such understanding takes place gradually through reflection, analytical meditation, and eventually direct experience. 

What needs to be understood is the nature of suffering, and the different types of suffering and happiness within the cycle of existence.

Whether Buddhism because of this is a philosophy with a rather pessimistic idea about life, we’ll discuss later. There is something else that is nagging on my mind.

As I said in earlier lectures, you can regard philosophy as a kind of behavior, an interaction of homo sapiens with the environment.

And there I see a pattern: the idea that life is suffering. Now refrain from wanting to define suffering, stick to this general concept about existence: it is NOT fun, unless…..

What amazes me is that this attitude towards life is not unique to Buddhism. We have seen it before: this  apparent pattern. In the Stoics (300 BC) , in Christianity.

It is like this: step one is you assume that there is some ultimate desirable/good state of being, call it well being or happiness. And for some reason homo sapiens is not that state by birth.

Step two is that you assume that homo sapiens is unfortunately not born with the wisdom to attain that so much desired state and needs some guide, where these guides are still members of the species homo sapiens.

Step three is that homo sapiens needs to submit himself to all kinds of rules, practices and teachings, which, if obeyed properly, promise him the attainment of this ultimately desired state of being.

Islam is even mere serious in this respect. There the only right way of being for the individual is in worshipping Allah. “And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me.” Quran 51:56          (jinn = angel)

So performing all the prayer rituals and acting according “arkan al-Islam”  (the Pillars of Islam - Testimony, Prayer, Alms giving, Fasting and Pilgrimage) are the only way to achieve this special state.

I just wonder: WHAT is homo sapiens doing here?

Main Sources:
MacMillan The Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2nd edition
Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 1995
Philosophy of the BuddhaChristopher W. Gowans (2003)
 Buddhist Ethics, Damien Keown (2005) 
From Africa to Zen, R.C. Solomon & K.M. Higgins
Encyclopedia of Buddhism, Robert E. Buswell, Jr., ed. (2004)

The Discussion

[13:21] herman Bergson: Thank you ^_^
[13:21] Nectanebus: nice
[13:21] Chu Ann EastChu Ann East claps
[13:21] ἀρετή: hmm..
[13:21] Bejiita Imako: interesting thought indeed
[13:21] Ada Zaurak: ty, herman
[13:21] Nectanebus: I must mention quickly, however, that jinn is closer to "spirit" than "angel".
[13:21] Lizzy Pleides: Thanks Herman!
[13:21] herman Bergson: My pleasure Ada :-)
[13:21] oola Neruda: is it only to achieve that state or reward... or is it a way to prevent the evil things that people do to each other (a beginning of law)
[13:22] oola Neruda: society as chaos
[13:22] ἀρετή: what happened to that guy in buddha's story? did he die of the poison arrow?
[13:22] herman Bergson: He did :-)
[13:22] Nectanebus: No brahmin around to help extract it, unfortunately..
[13:22] ἀρετή: he must have been a warrior
[13:23] herman Bergson: I don’t see the things you mention in your disjuctive statement as related oola
[13:24] Zanicia: Well I do
[13:24] oola Neruda: you were speaking of various religions aiming at achieving the reward
[13:24] Gemma Allen: ah
[13:24] oola Neruda: that being the purpose of following rules
[13:24] ἀρετή: psst.. does anyone have notes for the last two classes on buddhism? :)
[13:24] herman Bergson: The point is that it is claimed that we are all in some wrong state and that we have to do our best to achieve the right one
[13:24] Gemma Allen: they wiill be in the blog
[13:24] Chu Ann East: lol areyn
[13:24] Gemma Allen: just check the blog
[13:24] Zanicia: Chaos has brought man into thousands of different religions...all man made, all destructive
[13:25] herman Bergson: Yes I have arete...the blog
[13:25] Bejiita Imako: yes and that we are evil and need to purify ourselves bu punishments ect
[13:25] Bejiita Imako: which cause suffering, not eases it
[13:25] herman Bergson:
[13:25] ἀρετή: Thank you :)
[13:25] herman Bergson: Yes Bejiita....and where does this come from????
[13:25] Zanicia: Punishments are merely going against other's rules and traditions
[13:26] Mikki Louise: the suffering is because different groups follow differing philosophies/religions
[13:26] herman Bergson: I really don't get it why homo sapiens explains his existence like this
[13:26] Zanicia: indeed
[13:26] Bejiita Imako: from these strange rules
[13:26] herman Bergson: No no....
[13:26] herman Bergson: the meant suffering is real...
[13:27] herman Bergson: real suffering as old age or disease
[13:27] oola Neruda: prevent suffering
[13:27] Bejiita Imako: i dont get either why we make up such things for ourselves instead of just live and be happy
[13:27] oola Neruda: and a reason to follow the rules... reward
[13:27] Bejiita Imako: happiness comes by itself then
[13:27] ἀρετή: maybe we can't be happy unless we've suffered first
[13:27] Zanicia: people have a need for constraint
[13:27] Mikki Louise: I understand, Herman... I'm referring to the chaos, war, etc mentioned by Zanicia
[13:28] Bejiita Imako: complicated question indeed
[13:28] herman Bergson: I agree....I don't deny the existence of suffering.....
[13:28] Bejiita Imako: never thought about it in that way really
[13:28] Mikki Louise: in the end, there will either be no religion, or more likely, only one survivor
[13:28] Zanicia: and I meant there have always those people who impose on others
[13:28] herman Bergson: and what oola says is also a strong mechanism...obeying rules leads to rewards...
[13:28] Gemma Allen: this is too pessimistic
[13:28] herman Bergson: That is what Pavlov already discovered
[13:28] Ciska Riverstone: for me the simple answer is a built in human thing called control and fear
[13:29] ἀρετή: the one in control must be very happy...
[13:29] Bejiita Imako: i guess that can be an explanation
[13:29] Gemma Allen: I think that is what the buddha was trying to change
[13:29] Nectanebus: I think there was a part in the lecture which mentioned the diefferences in approach with Buddhism, Confucianism, and such vis-a-vis more proselytizing types...
[13:29] herman Bergson: That is what I mean Gemma ...this negativism, this pessimism about the 'condition humaine’
[13:29] Bejiita Imako: inded
[13:29] Nectanebus: but w/e
[13:29] Ciska Riverstone: yes gemma
[13:29] Bejiita Imako: cause most religious leaders today are the ones that get happy but the other people below him suffers
[13:30] Gemma Allen: hmmm
[13:30] Bejiita Imako: look how they oppress their people in Iran for ex
[13:30] Ciska Riverstone: do you think the pope is happy bejita?
[13:30] Ciska Riverstone: i doubt it
[13:30] Gemma Allen  looks at the new pope
[13:30] Gemma Allen: Yes-ah!
[13:30] Bejiita Imako: at least the new pope seem to have something good inside his head for once sake
[13:30] Gemma Allen: he clearly sees the suffering of the human
[13:30] Ciska Riverstone: he tries to change but he is clearly not happy ;)
[13:30] Bejiita Imako: i like the new pope
[13:30] oola Neruda: me too
[13:31] Ciska Riverstone: yes bejita - but the man is suffering too don't you think?
[13:31] Ciska Riverstone: all this power and he cannot do much
[13:31] Nectanebus: The chief of a tribe is the sacrifice thereof in many societies, let's not forget May Queens and ithyphallic societies
[13:31] Gemma Allen: i thinnk he is
[13:31] herman Bergson: And here I begin to believe that not these religious ideas are correct intheir observation but Marx was :-)
[13:31] Bejiita Imako: guess maybee he is but on the other hand he is not oppressing and controling his people like in these islamic countries
[13:31] Bejiita Imako: saudi arabia iran ect
[13:31] Lizzy Pleides: explain please herman
[13:31] Zanicia: If we live to please others instead of ourselves we get rewards. If we want to always please ourselves...where is the reward in the end? All is so transient. And the Pope is a good example...he is a good man but heading the most corrupt of influences in the world.
[13:31] Chu Ann East: i guess the pope had one day in live a chance to chosse his way.
[13:31] herman Bergson: Inequality....unequal distribution of resources....
[13:32] Chu Ann East: so i guess he is now not suffering^^
[13:32] Bejiita Imako: Turkey follow islam but they don’t oppress the people with it as i see
[13:32] Chu Ann East: it was his choice.
[13:32] herman Bergson: exploiting people for person profit...
[13:32] Bejiita Imako: uses it more correctly
[13:32] Zanicia: yes
[13:32] Gemma Allen: not in his mind i think chu
[13:32] Chu Ann East: yes, in ours
[13:32] Zanicia: The Pope is also a puppet
[13:32] Chu Ann East: but we do not have a clue of his life#
[13:32] Gemma Allen: the cardinals chose him and in his mind that was god's will
[13:33] Gemma Allen: oh i dont think he is a puppet
[13:33] Chu Ann East: yes but to get there u know what u do
[13:33] Gemma Allen: at all
[13:33] Bejiita Imako: if you make people around you happy everyone will be happy
[13:33] Chu Ann East: true bejita
[13:33] Chu Ann East: and what is suffering?
[13:33] Gemma Allen: his background shows his humility in his whole life
[13:33] Chu Ann East: i guess 4 everyone different
[13:34] Zanicia: that is what makes him a good man. But the Pope heads the influence, nontheless. He is trying for change but hew will never do it
[13:34] Gemma Allen: never acted like a cardinal
[13:34] Bejiita Imako: but people instead do the opposite ad think by making everyone a lower class and suffering and take all from them they will be happy
[13:34] Chu Ann East: for a religious one not the same as 4 us
[13:34] Chu Ann East: we suffer when we do not get a burger
[13:34] Gemma Allen: lived in an apartment and cooked and cleaned for himself
[13:34] Chu Ann East: for example
[13:34] Gemma Allen: rode a bus
[13:34] Gemma Allen: ♥ LOL ♥
[13:34] Bejiita Imako: hehehe
[13:34] Chu Ann East: ^^
[13:34] Bejiita Imako: i say we need to care more for each other and not just for ourselves
[13:35] Chu Ann East: absolutely
[13:35] Zanicia: Bravo
[13:35] Bejiita Imako: like it is in many parts of the world
[13:35] Chu Ann East: sharing is important in life
[13:35] Chu Ann East: and caring
[13:35] Chu Ann East: and not only for our families
[13:35] Bejiita Imako: where power hungry maniacs like the ayatolla and kim yong rules
[13:35] herman Bergson: Well...a nice discussion...
[13:35] Gemma Allen: true
[13:35] herman Bergson: and yes...what is suffering....
[13:35] Bejiita Imako: they cause suffering for sure in this world
[13:36] herman Bergson: We'll get to that in detail in the next lecture
[13:36] ἀρετή: not for us
[13:36] Bejiita Imako: no not here maybe but for all people in where they rule
[13:36] Bejiita Imako: millions of people
[13:36] ἀρετή: that's true
[13:36] Ciska Riverstone:
[13:36] Bejiita Imako: using religion for power
[13:36] herman Bergson: But in this least a reduction of suffering can be achieved by food, healthcare and education for every human being
[13:37] Ciska Riverstone: thats a way of starting a change ,)
[13:37] Bejiita Imako: yes
[13:37] Bejiita Imako: unfortunatley these leaders hold all such things back from the people
[13:37] ἀρετή: can suffering be reduced by changing the way people think?
[13:37] herman Bergson: This is not happening only because some groups have an interest in keeping people hungry and dumb...
[13:37] Bejiita Imako: yes
[13:37] Chu Ann East: YES aey
[13:37] Bejiita Imako: exactly
[13:37] Zanicia: That has always been the case
[13:37] herman Bergson: or even don’t care
[13:38] Chu Ann East: thinking leads our lifes
[13:38] Bejiita Imako: so they cant see the reality that their big leader is really the devil homself
[13:38] Chu Ann East: saw yesterday a very interesting documentation abot it
[13:38] Chu Ann East: butin german^^
[13:38] Nectanebus: Thinking does not always result in acting
[13:38] herman Bergson: And that is going to change ZANICIA
[13:38] herman Bergson: not inour lifetime....
[13:38] herman Bergson: but it is impossible that humans stay illiterate in the future
[[13:39] Bejiita Imako: that need to change indeed
[13:39] Bejiita Imako: people need to get knowledge
[13:39] herman Bergson: All these theories based on suffering are methods to make people feel in peace with their miserable conditions
[13:39] Bejiita Imako: what happens in the world, and how it really is
[13:39] Bejiita Imako: yes
[13:40] Bejiita Imako: i guess so
[13:40] Gemma Allen: that is true too
[13:40] herman Bergson: You  know what I believe...?
[13:40] Chu Ann East: ppl need to have more faith in themselves
[13:40] Nectanebus: Interesting how it's first world countries that have rising illiteracy rates....there are a few factors to think of there I suppose. Sociodynamic as much as economical and media based.
[13:40] Chu Ann East: no herman^^
[13:40] herman Bergson: Our blog is read by ten thousands of people all over the world...
[13:40] Zanicia: spill!
[13:40] herman Bergson: every thought is a seed....!
[13:41] herman Bergson: It may take generations to bloom....
[13:41] herman Bergson: but it happened here...
[13:41] Chu Ann East: yes herman
[13:41] Chu Ann East: so so true
[13:41] Gemma Allen: Yes-ah!
[13:41] Gemma Allen: several generations
[13:41] herman Bergson: took more than 300 years...since Newton for instance
[13:41] herman Bergson: around 1850 there was REAL suffering in Europe...!
[13:42] Chu Ann East: yes in the very old days
[13:42] herman Bergson: This cant return anymore....
[13:42] Chu Ann East: there were a lot of suffering
[13:42] Bejiita Imako: aaa yes
[13:42] Chu Ann East: glad that i do not remember anymore^^
[13:42] herman Bergson: Yes indeed Chu
[13:42] oola Neruda: sorry but with corporations (ayn rand) being people... and global warming coming on... i am not so hopeful...
[13:43] Chu Ann East: so oola do something against in your neighborhood
[13:43] Chu Ann East: e.g.
[13:43] Gemma Allen: OMG!!!
[13:43] Gemma Allen: omg
[13:43] Gemma Allen: rand
[13:43] Nectanebus: we must be the change we wish to see in the world
[13:43] oola Neruda: trust me... i have been
[13:43] Chu Ann East: thats what i think
[13:43] Zanicia: Forget 1850 it continues! What have humans done all these thousands of years to never be able to right this world?
[13:43] Gemma AllenGemma Allen GIGGLES!!
[13:43] Gemma Allen: ...LOL...
[13:43] Gemma Allen: thought she would not be mentioned in this session
[13:43] Nectanebus: thought and action must follow as foot by foot.
[13:43] Nectanebus: else nothing happens
[13:43] Bejiita Imako: hehe
[13:44] Chu Ann East: yes, meditation is good to form our thoughts
[13:44] herman Bergson: Ahh believe we are a virus on this globe?
[13:44] Bejiita Imako: yes
[13:44] Bejiita Imako: virus i hope not
[13:44] Zanicia: yup
[13:44] oola Neruda: there is a national movement... citizens climate change lobby... and they are coordinated... but not as visible as they would like to be... but they have done many good things... like talking to representatives and senators in dc
[13:44] Ciska Riverstone: and our emotions chu
[13:44] Chu Ann East: a lot ppl are a virus
[13:44] Ciska Riverstone: sorry chu
[13:44] Chu Ann East: but i will be the medicine
[13:45] Chu Ann East: well i try to
[13:45] Zanicia: hehehe
[13:45] oola Neruda: public education
[13:45] Bejiita Imako:
[13:45] Chu Ann East: true oola
[13:45] Bejiita Imako: ah
[13:45] oola Neruda: the peole who are against it have a LOT of money...millions... and they are hard to be heard against
[13:45] herman Bergson: Yes I'd love to be the McAfee myself :-)
[13:45] Chu Ann East: but its not impossible
[13:45] Chu Ann East: they r less.
[13:45] oola Neruda: the koch brothers are a good example
[13:46] Chu Ann East: most plk are wek
[13:46] Chu Ann East: and follow only
[13:46] Chu Ann East: week
[13:46] Chu Ann East: weak
[13:46] Chu Ann East: ;-)
[13:46] Zanicia: weak, dear
[13:46] Chu Ann East: i know
[13:46] Zanicia: :)
[13:46] ἀρετή: people are still suffering today...
[13:46] Chu Ann East: yes thats true
[13:46] oola Neruda: so i see suffering as something that will grow... not get better
[13:46] Chu Ann East: and so everyone can do a bit
[13:47] herman Bergson: Yes Arete....but not all and the  number IS decreasing....but too slow
[13:47] Chu Ann East: i "suffer"
[13:47] Nectanebus: I think the idea of ending suffering is like the idea of ending war: it's only possible on a personal level, not a societical one.
[13:47] Chu Ann East: but its not suffering 4 me
[13:47] ἀρετή: it's already too late in Syria
[13:47] Chu Ann East: i know that it helps a bit
[13:48] herman Bergson: No no Nectanebus....the idea of ending suffering makes no sense....that never canbe a goal
[13:48] Chu Ann East: yes herman,
[13:48] herman Bergson: But that is what is made us to believe....
[13:48] Chu Ann East: humans learn from suffer
[13:48] Chu Ann East: mostly
[13:49] Ciska Riverstone: true chu
[13:49] herman Bergson: by all kinds of rituals and exercises you can reach some enlighted state beyond suffering, it seems
[13:49] Nectanebus: with the right guru, at least
[13:49] herman Bergson: Yes Chu...that is a basic principle in evolution....avoid pain and seek pleasure
[13:50] Chu Ann East: but pain is important. out brain learns better with"pain".
[13:50] Chu Ann East: or better, wehn it is hard to learn
[13:50] ἀρετή: but is the lesson the right one to learn?
[13:50] Ciska Riverstone: brain sience says it learns best with pleasure enthusiasm...
[13:50] Chu Ann East: whiclesson?
[13:50] Chu Ann East: which
[13:51] oola Neruda: i gave the wrong name.. it is citizens climate lobby
[13:51] Bejiita Imako: i learn best when i think the learning is fun and interesting
[13:51] Chu Ann East: ok
[13:51] oola Neruda: as in ... not paid by some corporation...citizen
[13:51] herman Bergson: yes Ciska with dopamine and endorfines running all over the place ^_^
[13:51] Chu Ann East: but the important things in life stay better in our brains
[13:51] Chu Ann East: when it was hard
[13:51] Ciska Riverstone: thats what a neurologist would say too bejiita - i guess there are different kinds of learning - social learning needs negative impulses too as it seems
[13:52] Zanicia: Zan pops another pill while the others aren't looking
[13:52] Chu Ann East: perhaps it stays longer in mind
[13:52] herman Bergson grins
[13:52] Chu Ann East: when it is had to get
[13:52] Chu Ann East: hard
[13:52] Bejiita Imako: eys like at these lectures for ex or when i try learn mastering som fun computer program like blender ect i learn really quick even it is complicated
[13:53] Bejiita Imako: cause i think its interesting and fun
[13:53] Chu Ann East: ah ha
[13:53] Chu Ann East: so u learn only things u do not need really^^^
[13:53] Bejiita Imako: it would not stick good if i thought it was boring
[13:53] Chu Ann East: the important things in life are hard^^
[13:53] Zanicia: Blender? Oh lord I am still struggling with Photoshop! Does this mean I suffer?
[13:53] Chu Ann East: believe me
[13:53] Bejiita Imako: i have to have motivation
[13:53] Bejiita Imako: hehe
[13:53] Chu Ann East: ^^^#
[13:54] Bejiita Imako: photoshop is advanced as well
[13:54] herman Bergson: Well..I think it is time to end our discussion.....
[13:54] Nectanebus: Sorry, got to go, early night for us tonight
[13:54] ἀρετή: why suffer a bad photo.. just photoshop it :)
[13:54] Corronach: thanks herman.
[13:54] Bejiita Imako: use software like that to make maps to put on things i make in blender or similar software
[13:54] Nectanebus: see you all next week
[13:54] herman Bergson: when Photoshop begins to mean suffering :-)
[13:54] Corronach: goodnight all
[13:54] Bejiita Imako: hehehe
[13:54] Gemma Allen: ♥ Thank Youuuuuuuuuu!! ♥
[13:54] Chu Ann East: lol herman
[13:54] Nectanebus: night
[13:54] Ciska Riverstone: thank you herman
[13:54] Bejiita Imako: well this was great
[13:55] Gemma Allen: hope to be here thursday
[13:55] Zanicia: Thank you
[13:55] Bejiita Imako: aaa cu then
[13:55] herman Bergson: NExt lecture we'll see how Buddha dealt with the concept of suffering
[13:55] Bejiita Imako:
[13:55] Ciska Riverstone: enjoy everyone
[13:55] bergfrau Apfelbaum: very interesting and great discussion, thinker! i am looking forward to continue to suffer! next week :-)
[13:55] Chu Ann East: yes, wa a great discussion
[13:55] bergfrau Apfelbaum: /aoo
[13:55] Ciska Riverstone: η α м α ѕ т є 
[13:55] bergfrau Apfelbaum: ***** APPPPPPPLLLLAAAUUUSSSSEEEEEEE***********
[13:55] ἀρετή: Thanks for all the lessons
[13:55] Ciska Riverstone: ;)
[13:55] Bejiita Imako: Hooo!!!
[13:55] Bejiita Imako: Hoooo!
[13:55] herman Bergson: Thank you all for this lively discussion
[13:55] Lizzy Pleides: I have to go too, Good night all!
[13:55] herman Bergson: Class dismissed ^_^
[13:55] Bejiita Imako: cu soon
[13:55] ἀρετή: and suffer sl greyness for some knowledge :)
[13:55] Bejiita Imako:
[13:55] Chu Ann East: see u on thursday
[13:55] Lizzy PleidesLizzy Pleides waves bye
[13:55] Chu Ann EastChu Ann East waves
[13:55] herman Bergson: Bye Lizzy :-)
[13:55] bergfrau Apfelbaum: byebye´s
[13:56] Chu Ann East: and spread love till thursday^^
[13:56] Bejiita Imako: YAY! (yay!)

[13:56] herman Bergson: Yes Chu !!!!