Thursday, April 8, 2021

913: Patterns, The Unique, Chaos.....

 In the previous lecture I offered a preliminary definition of what exactly is a pattern. 

 Intuitively speaking, a pattern is a perceived regularity that contains an element of repetition that is not necessarily immutable but may be subject to exceptions and variation.


There are more precise definitions of pattern, but most of them deal with quantitative patterns, 


while this project also deals with qualitative patterns, such as social, historical, cultural and narrative patterns, which are usually not numerical in nature. 


Moreover, existing definitions do not do justice to variable patterns. 


For now, the term "pattern" is an umbrella term that ranges from the most unstable regularity to the most absolute regularity. 


Not only do patterns bring together observed phenomena and events, they can also say something about new, not yet observed and thus unknown phenomena and events. 


Patterns have predictive power. Consider the ancient pattern of the rise, growth and decline of states. 


This pattern is derived from earlier events by the Greek historians Herodotus (c. 484 - c. 425 BC) and Thucydides (c. 460 - c. 400 BC). 


It has also been described by the Chinese historian Sima Qian (c. 145 - c. 86 BC), the Arab historian Ibn Khaldun (1332 - 1406) and the Italian historian Giambattista Vico (1668 - 1744). 


The pattern generalizes about the past, but also makes a statement about the future for states that do not yet exist. 


The same is true of patterns in nature, such as the patterns in the rising and setting of the sun, moon, and planets,


recorded thousands of years ago in Neolithic stone circles and later described in detail on clay tablets by Babylonian astronomers. 


I will not argue that all searches for patterns have been successful. 


We will discuss searches that either failed or resulted in patterns that later turned out to be invalid, 


such as the Babylonian search for a link between grain prices and planetary movements. 


In addition to the notion of pattern, there is also a notion of the unique, or the exceptional, that does not follow a pattern. 


We will see that the exceptional cannot exist without a pattern. 


After all, an exception is a deviation from a pattern, and the two notions are thus closely linked.


This makes me think of Beertje's remark about chaos last Tuesday. Chaos is unique in the sense that is the total absence of patterns.


The notion of pattern and chaos are closely linked together too, but before our class turns into complete chaos, let's stick to patterns first.


Thank you for your attention again...



MacMillan The Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2nd edition
Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 1995
Rens Bod: "Een Wereld vol Patronen".  2019

The Discussion

[13:30] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): its like when CERN tries to find supersymmetry and CP violation, things that break out from the pattern that is the well predictable standard model

[13:30] Gemma (gemma.cleanslate): hmmm

[13:30] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): to see if maybe all physics books have to be rewritten

[13:31] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): or any kind of connection in general

[13:31] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): that stands out

[13:31] herman Bergson: there is the remark that chaos theory assumes patterns......

[13:31] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): aaa

[13:32] herman Bergson: Unfortunately I hadn;t the time to look it up....but there is this kind of paradox indeed, I guess

[13:32] oola Neruda: it's mathematical

[13:33] herman Bergson: The term "Chaos theory" feels already kind of contradictory :-)

[13:33] Gemma (gemma.cleanslate): will be interesting to see it ll

[13:33] herman Bergson: I'll check it out

[13:33] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): indeed chaos theory suggests there is a pattern

[13:34] Gemma (gemma.cleanslate): ha

[13:34] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): or mathematical connection

[13:34] herman Bergson: think so too Bejiita :-))

[13:34] Gemma (gemma.cleanslate): thinks of all the universes out there

[13:34] herman Bergson: In that sense it differs from the Unique

[13:34] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): yep

[13:34] herman Bergson: that is absolutely patternless

[13:35] herman Bergson: So..if you want to have some brain chaos they and learn :-)

[13:36] Gemma (gemma.cleanslate): ohoh homework

[13:36] CB Axel: Chaos theory sounds too chaotic for me.

[13:36] CB Axel: :)

[13:36] herman Bergson: no no was just a suggestion ^_^

[13:36] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako):

[13:36] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): its like when we play golf

[13:36] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): thats chaos theory

[13:36] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako):

[13:36] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): fun chaos theory

[13:37] herman Bergson: That has a pattern Bejiita

[13:37] CB Axel: My golf game is very chaotic. I never know where the ball will go.

[13:37] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): well i gues

[13:37] .: Beertje :. (beertje.beaumont): the pattern is that Herman always wins:)

[13:37] herman Bergson: we all do the same.....

[13:37] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): but outcome is always uncertain

[13:37] herman Bergson: We stand...drop a ball and hit it

[13:37] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): but ye

[13:37] Gemma (gemma.cleanslate) GIGGLES!!

[13:37] Gemma (gemma.cleanslate): ...LOL...

[13:37] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): yes

[13:37] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako):

[13:37] CB Axel: Yes. And then you swear and spend 10 minutes looking for the ball out in some cornfield.

[13:38] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): but how everyone aims ect cant be determined with math, its everyones individual aiming and thought process

[13:38] CB Axel: At least, that's the pattern to my golf game.

[13:38] herman Bergson: Right CB....

[13:38] herman Bergson: so never play golf in a cornfield :-))

[13:38] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): unless u have a combine harvester as golfcar

[13:38] CB Axel: I'm surrounded by cornfields here in the midwest.

[13:38] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako):

[13:38] CB Axel: LOL, Bejiita.

[13:39] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): and then u can make popcorn with all corn you harvested while playing

[13:39] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): yum

[13:39] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): actually only a very specific type of corn can make popcorn

[13:39] CB Axel: I think I'll just sit in the clubhouse eating popcorn and watching others play.

[13:40] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): haha

[13:40] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako):

[13:40] herman Bergson: Well...the intersting thing of the golf theme is that the procedure is the same for everyone...but there is a variation in the outcome...and yet a definite end for everyone by putting the ball

[13:40] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): ecactly

[13:40] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): so part pattern and part chaotic

[13:40] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): sort of

[13:40] herman Bergson: is not as clearcut as patterns governed by natural laws

[13:40] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): nope

[13:41] oola Neruda: be sure to take a look at the "visualizations" that chaos theory comes up with...

[13:41] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): as said its everyones individual minds determining it

[13:41] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): unconnected minds

[13:41] Gemma (gemma.cleanslate): ok

[13:41] herman Bergson: And that is what we gonna see here too....not only quantitative patterns but also qualitative pattterns

[13:41] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): oki

[13:41] Gemma (gemma.cleanslate): k think that came up before some years back

[13:41] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): aaa

[13:41] Gemma (gemma.cleanslate): chaos theory that is

[13:42] herman Bergson: The rise and fall of states isn't mathematics

[13:42] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): nope

[13:42] herman Bergson: so, it is going to be interesting....

[13:42] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): aaa

[13:42] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): indeed

[13:43] herman Bergson: Well...the weekend is almost there....another pattern inour lives :-)

[13:43] Gemma (gemma.cleanslate): ah

[13:44] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): aa ture

[13:44] herman Bergson: I guess it is time to go and enjoy it ^_^

[13:44] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako):

[13:44] Gemma (gemma.cleanslate): nice

[13:44] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): and its EGG weekend also

[13:44] herman Bergson: Thank you all again....

[13:44] bergfrau Apfelbaum: Happy easter weekend you all:-)

[13:44] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako):

[13:44] Gemma (gemma.cleanslate): ♥ Thank Youuuuuuuuuu!! ♥

[13:44] Gemma (gemma.cleanslate): you too

[13:44] herman Bergson: Unless you have that one and only question...........

[13:44] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): nice again

[13:44] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako):

[13:44] herman Bergson: Class dismissed....

[13:45] bergfrau Apfelbaum: ty Herman and class:-)

[13:45] Gemma (gemma.cleanslate): see you soon!

[13:45] CB Axel: Thank you, Bergie.

[13:45] Particle Physicist Bejiita (bejiita.imako): aaa cu

[13:45] bergfrau Apfelbaum: yvw :-))

[13:45] CB Axel: And thank you, Herman and class. :)

[13:45] .: Beertje :. (beertje.beaumont): danke bergie:)

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